Occurrence of antibiotic resistant Salmonella isolated from dogs in Klang Valley, Malaysia
Abatcha, Mustapha Goni and Zakaria, Zunita and Dhaliwal, Gurmeet Kaur and Thong, Kwai Lin (2014) Occurrence of antibiotic resistant Salmonella isolated from dogs in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Microbiology, 10 (3). pp. 219-224. ISSN 1823-8262; ESSN: 2231-7538
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Official URL: http://mjm.usm.my/index.php?r=cms/entry/view&id=83...
Aims: Salmonellosis continues to be a major public health concerned globally. The objective of the study was to determine the occurrence and antimicrobial resistance pattern in Salmonella isolated from non-diarrheic stray and pet dogs in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Methodology and results: A total of 162 dogs were sampled, 15 (9.3%) were positive for Salmonella(stray dogs, n=12; pet dogs, n=3). All the isolates were identified as Salmonella using conventional culture methods and confirmed by PCR-targeting the invA gene. Four different Salmonella serovars were identified upon serotyping including Salmonella Corvallis (53.3%), S.Typhimurium(13.3%), S.Mbandaka(20%), and S. Agona(6.7%). Salmonella isolates were resistant to tetracycline (86.7%), sulphamethazole-trimethoprim (40%), ampicillin (40%), chloramphenicol (33.3%), streptomycin (33.3%), and enrofloxacin (26.7%). None of the isolates was resistant to gentamycin, cephalexin and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. Eight isolates (53.3%) were multiple drugs resistant. Conclusion, significance and impact study: High number of canine Salmonella isolates developed resistance and this may likely be public health concern.
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