The Exploitation of Root-sourced Signals to Reduce Irrigation and to Regulate Leaf Growth of Pepper Plants Capsicum annuum L.

Awad, Mohamed Hamad and Ismail, Mohd Razi and Mahmood, Maziah and Tengku Muda Mohamed, Mahmud (2002) The Exploitation of Root-sourced Signals to Reduce Irrigation and to Regulate Leaf Growth of Pepper Plants Capsicum annuum L. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, 25 (2). pp. 131-141. ISSN 1511-3701

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Abstract

The effect of partial root drying (PRD) on growth and physiological responses of pepper plants Capsicum annuum L. cultivar MC12 was investigated under high temperatures and a humid tropical climate. The leaf water potential, photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance and transpiration rate of Capsicum plants grown under PRD over a period of 10 days were lower than those grown under well watered conditions. Removal of the droughted roots resulted in resumption of all leaf gas exchange parameters confirming the presence of signals coming directly from the droughted roots. Leaf growth rate was negatively affected by PRD techniques; as a consequence leaf area per plant was reduced. Total fruit yield ofPRD plants was about 73% of the control plants' fruit yield while the amount of water added to the PRD plants was half the quantity added to the controls.

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Water deficit, partial root drying, irrigation, pepper
Publisher:Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
ID Code:3422
Deposited By: Farhana Yusof
Deposited On:26 Nov 2009 01:43
Last Modified:27 May 2013 07:08

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