Ammonium (NH4+): Nitrate (N03 -) Ratio and its Relation to the Changes in Solution pH, Growth, Mineral Nutrition and Yield of Tomatoes Grown in Nutrient Film Technique
Ismail, Mohd Razi and Othman, Abd Aziz (1995) Ammonium (NH4+): Nitrate (N03 -) Ratio and its Relation to the Changes in Solution pH, Growth, Mineral Nutrition and Yield of Tomatoes Grown in Nutrient Film Technique. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, 18 (3). pp. 149-157. ISSN 0126-6128
The effects of NH4+ NO3- ratio on growth, water uptake, solution pH, mineral nutrition and yield of tomatoes were investigated using the nutrient film technique. There were six NH4+ NO3- ratios: 0:100 with and without pH control; 12.5:87.5, 25:75, 37.5:62.5 and 50:50 without pH control. There was an increase in pH of the nutrient solution with 0:100 and 12.5:87.5 ratios, but the pH decreased with 50:50 ratio. Higher NH4+ NO3- ratio reduced leaf and root growth. The reduction in leafand root growth could be attributed to reduction o fplant water uptake. Fruit fresh weight was reduced and the percentage of blossom-end rot increased with higher ratio of NH4+ NO3- in the solution. Increased ratio of NH4+ NO3- increased N content and decreased Ca content in all the plant tissues. P, K and Mg content decreased in leaf tissue with increasing NH4+ NO3- ratio.
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