Clinico-pathological changes associated with Brucella melitensis infection and its bacterial Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in male mice
Abdullah, Faez Firdaus Jesse and Nik, Norasiah and Saad, Mohd Zamri and Haron, Abd Wahid and Omar, Abdul Rahman and Sabri, Jasni and Adamu, Lawan and Osman, Abdinasir Yusuf and Saharee, Abdul Aziz (2013) Clinico-pathological changes associated with Brucella melitensis infection and its bacterial Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in male mice. International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 5 (5). pp. 165-170. ISSN 2041-2894; ESSN: 2041-2908
Official URL: http://www.maxwellsci.com/jp/abstract.php?jid=IJAV...
Brucella melitensis (B. melitensis) is gram negative, aerobic bacteria that cause Brucellosis in humans’ sheep and goats. Brucellosis causes abortion in wild and domestic animals resulting in enormous financial losses. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinico-pathological changes associated with Brucella melitensis infection and its bacterial Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in male mice. Three groups of 24 Balb/c male mice consisting of 8 mice in each group were used as an animal model for the study. The control group were inoculated intraperitoneally with 1 mL of Phosphate Buffered Solution (PBS) pH 7 while, the treatment groups were inoculated intraperitoneally with 1 mL×109 of B. melitensis colony and 1 mL×109 of of Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) extracted from B. melitensis respectively. Mice that showed severe clinical signs and those that survived were euthanized by cervical dislocation method after 5 days of post infection subsequently, post mortem was conducted and histopathological studies were carried out. B. melitensis group showed severe clinical signs between 6 to 17 h of post inoculation compared to the PBS and LPS groups. The LPS group became lethargic 2 h post inoculation but, they become active after 5 h post inoculation, while the control group (PBS) exhibited normal responses. Histopathology results showed severe tissue alterations in the reproductive organs of the B. melitensis group compared to LPS group. In conclusion, the atrophy of the spermatocytes in the testes and degenerative necrosis of the pseudo stratified epithelium of the vas deferens in the B. melitensis group were severe while, LPS group showed moderate atrophy of the spermatocyte of the testes and severe degenerative necrosis of the pseudo stratified epithelium of the vas deferens.
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