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Pathogenicity of Streptococcus agalactiae isolated from a fish farm in Selangor to Juvenile Red Tilapia (Oreochromis sp.)

Abuseliana, Ali Farag and Mohd Daud, Hassan and Abdul Aziz, Saleha and Bejo, Siti Khairani and Alsaid, Milud (2011) Pathogenicity of Streptococcus agalactiae isolated from a fish farm in Selangor to Juvenile Red Tilapia (Oreochromis sp.). Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 10 (7). pp. 914-919. ISSN 1680-5593

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The rapid increases in global aquaculture industry have exposed many diseases that were not known in aquaculture fields. Streptococcus agalactiae, one of Streptococci species that infecting both terrestrial and aquatic animals. The organisms have been isolated from numerous fish species in natural disease outbreaks and showed to be pathogenic to several fish species. Recently, few streptococcosis outbreaks affecting cultured Red tilapia in Selangor were investigated and the S. agalactiae isolate was used to study its pathogenicity on juvenile Red tilapia. The 120 h 50% endpoint (LD50) value in juvenile tilapia injected Intraperitoneally (IP) was 1.56x105 cfu mL-1. Experimental infections were carried out by bathing the fish for 30 min in water containing the bacteria and by IP injection. It was observed that IP route was more potent to cause mortality to juvenile Red tilapia and produced clear clinical signs within 5 days. It was noted that the mortality started to reduce after 5 days and fish recovered after 9 days post inoculation. In contrast, immersion route did not induce mortality but produced moderate clinical signs such as lethargy and loss of appetite and fish started to recover after 6 days. The findings of the current study would enable us to formulate a suitable measure to prevent and control future disease outbreaks

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Injection; Measure; Mortality; Pathogenicity; Red tilapia; Streptococcus agalactiae.
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Publisher:Medwell Publishing
DOI Number:10.3923/javaa.2011.914.919
ID Code:25690
Deposited By: Azizan Arshad
Deposited On:11 Oct 2013 15:30
Last Modified:16 Oct 2015 16:06

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