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Chemical Conversion of the Oil Palm Wastes

Lajis, Md Nordin and Sukari, Mohd Aspollah and Mohd Sharif, Atan and Hassan, Abdul Jalil (1988) Chemical Conversion of the Oil Palm Wastes. Pertanika, 11 (2). pp. 243-248.

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Abstract

The production of a 2-furaldehyde (furfural) from mesocarp fibre waste and oil palm sludge from a palm oil mill using protic acids was investigated. The effect of immersion of fibre in acid prior to heating was also studied. Production of furfural was completed in 3-4 hours when hydrochloric (HCI) or sulfuric (H2S04 ) acids were used as the catalyst whereas a longer reaction time was required in the case of phosphoric (H3P04 ) or oxalic (H2C20 4 ) acids. The experiment showed that the rates of furfural production were increased when higher acid concentrations were applied. Immersion of fibre in the acids for 24 hours prior to reaction increased the furfural yield. The chemical conversion of sludge from the palm oil mill was also investigated. A similar acid concentration effect on the rate was observed.

Item Type:Article
Keyword:2-furaldehyde, oil palm waste, mesocarp fibre, sludge
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Environmental Studies
ID Code:2555
Deposited By: Nur Izyan Mohd Zaki
Deposited On:16 Nov 2009 02:10
Last Modified:27 May 2013 07:01

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