Sustainable Housing Utilizing Indigenous Materials in the Marshes
Samarai, Mufid A. (2008) Sustainable Housing Utilizing Indigenous Materials in the Marshes. ALAM CIPTA, International Journal on Sustainable Tropical Design Research & Practice, 3 (1). pp. 55-62. ISSN 1823-7231
Low cost housing is always thought to be an affordable non-sustainable housing for rural areas and is not part of urban planning. It would be a challenge to develop and plan a complete, sustainable, and affordable housing scheme for rural areas which utilises local indigenous materials. This needs the introduction of carefully-targeted interventions to improve the lives of people in the marshes through affordable and durable building stock, drinking water, health care, and employment opportunities. In some areas of these marshes there is a tendency for a modern lifestyle similar to that of an urban population. Such areas are losing individuality and a real need for preservation is deemed necessary. The environmental and socio-economic factors could create a rural settlement fabric pattern that would be unique in the world. This paper will present the planning and implementation of a housing complex in the marshlands of Iraq. The paper will also touch on a full-scale trial embankment constructed in an experimental station in the marshes that utilized bundles of reeds as reinforcement.
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