Urbanization and Globalization of Gbagyi Housing Transformation
Mohammed Mai, Moukhtar and Shamsuddin, Shuhana (2007) Urbanization and Globalization of Gbagyi Housing Transformation. ALAM CIPTA, International Journal on Sustainable Tropical Design Research & Practice, 2 (1). pp. 49-58. ISSN 1823-7231
This paper analyzes the changing patterns of Gbagyi housing in three decades, from 1976 to 2006. The traditional spatial order was tied to cosmology psychologically; isolated round huts physically; and tribal cohesion, socially. Focusing on housing characters and motivations of transformation, a case study research design was applied to qualitatively evaluate physical, social and psychological changes of the traditional extended family compounds. An emergent conceptual theory was triangulated with field observations to check errors. The research findings suggest a fusion of isolated housing units into a hollowed-out structure physically and fission (break up) of the tribal group socially. A fashion of individualism apparently replaces communal responsibility, with Islam and Christianity as moderators. Some identified motives for transformation are socio-economic, cultural and spatial; but economics of income generation assumes priority. Such a loss of spatial identity has a global implication on cultural sustainability of vernacular settlements in urban environments.
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