Poor sitting posture and a heavy schoolbag as contributors to musculoskeletal pain in children: an ergonomic school education intervention program.
A. I., Syazwan and Mohd. Noor, Mohamad Azhar and Abdul Rahman, Anita and H. S., Azizan and Mohd Sham, Shaharuddin and Juni, Muhamad Hanafiah and A. A., Muhaimin and A. M., Nizar and Baharudin, Mohd Rafee and A., Mohd Ibthisham and Kasani, Adam (2011) Poor sitting posture and a heavy schoolbag as contributors to musculoskeletal pain in children: an ergonomic school education intervention program. Journal of Pain Research, 4 . pp. 287-296. ISSN 1178-7090; ESSN: 1178-7090
Official URL: http://www.dovepress.com/journal-of-pain-research-...
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a multidisciplinary, interventional, ergonomic education program designed to reduce the risk of musculoskeletal problems by reducing schoolbag weight and correcting poor sitting posture. Methods: Data were collected twice before and twice following intervention using the Standardized Nordic Body Map Questionnaire, a rapid upper limb assessment for posture evaluation, and schoolbag weight measurement in children aged 8 and 11 years attending two schools within the central region of Malaysia. Results: Students who received the ergonomic intervention reported significant improvements in their sitting posture in a classroom environment and reduction of schoolbag weight as compared with the controls. Conclusion: A single-session, early intervention, group ergonomics education program for children aged 8 and 11 years is appropriate and effective, and should be considered as a strategy to reduce musculoskeletal pain among schoolchildren in this age group.
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