Palm oil analysis in adulterated sesame oil using chromatography and FTIR spectroscopy
Abdul Rohman, and Che Man, Yaakob (2011) Palm oil analysis in adulterated sesame oil using chromatography and FTIR spectroscopy. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, 113 (4 ). pp. 552-527. ISSN 1438-7697
Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com
This study highlights the application of two analytical techniques, namely GC-FID and FTIR spectroscopy, for analysis of refined-bleached-deodorized palm oil (RBD-PO) in adulterated sesame oil (SeO). Using GC-FID, the profiles of fatty acids were used for the evaluation of SeO adulteration. The increased concentrations of palmitic and oleic acids together with the decreased levels of stearic, linoleic, and linolenic acids with the increasing contents of RBD-PO in SeO can be used for monitoring the presence of RBD-PO in SeO. Meanwhile, FTIR spectroscopy combined with multivariate calibration of partial least square (PLS) has been successfully developed for the detection and quantification of RBD-PO in SeO using the combined frequencies of 3040-2995, 1660-1654, and 1150-1050cm-1. The values of coefficient of determination (R2) for the relationship between actual versus FTIR-calculated values of RBD-PO in SeO and root mean square error of calibration (RMSEC) obtained are 0.997 and 1.32% v/v, respectively. In addition, using three factors, the root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) value obtained using the developed PLS calibration model is relatively low, i.e., 1.83% v/v. Practical Application: The adulteration practice is commonly encountered in fats and oils industry. It involves the replacement of high value edible oils such as sesame oil with the lower ones like palm oil. Gas chromatography and FTIR spectroscopy can be used as reliable and accurate analytical techniques for detection and quantification of palm oil in sesame oil.
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