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Physical characterization of activated carbon derived from mangosteen peel

Arumugam, Shamala Devi and Abdul Latif, Puziah and Tham, Yee Jun and Yap, Taufiq Yun Hin (2012) Physical characterization of activated carbon derived from mangosteen peel. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 24 (2). pp. 579-583. ISSN 0970-7077; ESSN: 0975-427X

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Abstract

Mangosteen fruits have gained some great attention in fruit juice industry and the solid generated could be use as potential source for activated carbon production. In order to determine the potential of using mangosteen husk, the raw mangosteen peel was subjected to ultimate, proximate, biopolymer and thermogravimetric analysis. Furthermore, activated carbon derived from mangosteen peel was prepared by impregnating the sample with different phosphoric acid concentration (10, 20, 30 and 50 %) for 24 h with heating rate of 5 min together with activation duration for 20 min until the desired temperature 850 °C with presence of flushing of nitrogen gas. The sample was characterized by using micrometric ASAP 2010. The results revealed that acid concentration affect the surface area, yield of activated carbon and pore structures. The highest surface area with high micropore volume was obtained at 30 % acid concentration with 731 m 2g -1 and 0.33 cm 3g -1 respectively.

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Activated carbon; BET surface area; Mangosteen husk; Phosphoric acid
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Environmental Studies
Faculty of Science
Publisher:Asian Publication Corporation
ID Code:23571
Deposited By: Nur Farahin Ramli
Deposited On:13 Dec 2013 17:47
Last Modified:28 Nov 2016 11:51

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