Development of a Cut-Slope Stability Assessment System for Peninsular Malaysia
Jamaludin, Suhaimi (2006) Development of a Cut-Slope Stability Assessment System for Peninsular Malaysia. Masters thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.
The purpose of this research is to evaluate the accuracy of four existing slope assessment systems (SAS) in Malaysia in predicting landslides on granitic and sediment/metasediment formation slopes. The four existing SAS in Malaysia are namely Slope Management System (SMS), Slope Priority Ranking System (SPRS), Slope Information and Management System (SIMS), and Slope Management and Risk Tracking System (SMART) Assessment on 139 slopes underlain by granitic formation from the Gunung Raya Road, the East-West Highway and the Kuala Kubu Baru – Gap Road showed that none of the existing SAS is satisfactory for predicting landslide. The most accurate prediction was made by SMART System with only 61% accuracy. For the assessment of 47 slopes underlain by sediment/metasediment formation from the Gunung Raya Road and the East-West Highway, the results showed that the accuracy produced by the SMART System was 90%, which was considered as very good prediction. None of the other three SAS gave satisfactory prediction. Based on the accuracy evaluation above, two new SAS models were developed for the slopes in granitic formation. Using the slope database (139 cut-slopes) from the Gunung Raya Road, the East-West Highway and the Kuala Kubu Baru – Gap Road, twenty five slope parameters was analysed for development of the new SAS. Development of Model 1 using stepwise discriminate analysis found that ten slope parameters, namely; slope angle, feature area, distance to ridge, slope shape, percentage of feature uncovered, presence of rock exposure, rock condition profile, presence of bench drain, horizontal drain and sign of erosion were significant in predicting landslides occurrences. However, development of Model 2 using stepwise linear regression analysis found that only nine of the parameters (same parameters as Model 1 except without rock condition profile) were significant. The overall correct classification for Model 1 and Model 2 were 77% and 73% respectively. In order to validate the accuracy of these two newly developed SAS, slope assessment was carried out on two sites which were different from the ones used in the development of the new SAS models. The assessment on 36 slopes underlain by granitic formation from the Kuala Lumpur – Bentung Old Road and the Tapah – Cameron Highland Road, found that the accuracy in predicting landslides by Model 1 and Model 2 is 88% and 84% respectively. Hence the degree of accuracy by the 2 newly developed models is within the accuracy produced by other previous researchers.
Repository Staff Only: Edit item detail