Fatty Acid Composition of 16 Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea, L.) Cultivars grown under Malaysian Conditions

Berry, Shiv K. (1982) Fatty Acid Composition of 16 Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea, L.) Cultivars grown under Malaysian Conditions. Pertanika, 5 (1). pp. 20-24.

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Abstract

Groundnuts from 16 Arachis hypogaea L. cultivars were found to contain oil in the range of 43 to 50%. Gas-liquid chromatographic analysis of the oil fatty acid methyl esters revealed the occurrence of palmitic (12.22 to 13.30%), stearic (3.17 to 3.67%), oleic (37.94 to 41.90%) linoleic (34.59 to 37.51%), arachidic (1.63 to 1.85%) eicosaenoic (0.99 to 1.22%), behenic (3.24 to 4.36%), and lignoceric (1.08 to 1.44%) as the major fatty acids. Cultivars Tainang 7, Kidang and Alabama were high in oil content and contained relatively low levels of behenic acid and a high oleic/linoleic acid ratio in their oil.

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Groundnut cultivars; Arachis hypogaea; oil; fatty acids; gas chromatography, oleic/linoleic acid ratio.
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Food Science and Technology
ID Code:2150
Deposited By: Nur Izyan Mohd Zaki
Deposited On:11 Nov 2009 01:40
Last Modified:27 May 2013 06:59

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