Influence of organizational culture on psychological empowerment of academicians in research universities
Ahadi, Sahar, Suandi, Turiman, Ismail, Maimunah and Omar, Zoharah (2011) Influence of organizational culture on psychological empowerment of academicians in research universities. In: 12th International conference on HRD Research and Practice Across Europe: Sustaining Growth Through Human Resource Development, 25-27 May 2011, University of Gloucestershire, The Park, Cheltenham,UK.
Background and Purpose:Psychological empowerment of refers to dimensions of autonomy, professional growth, status,self-efficacy,impact and decision making of the academicians in a universitiy. Organizational culture can be a powerful influence on the psychological empowerment because it descrobes the link between contextual factors and employees' work behaviour. A question arises: Which type of culture is needed in a university that helps academicians to feel empowered?This study aimed to examine the relationship between organizational culture and psychological empowerment of academicians in research universities in Malaysia. Methods:The respondents of the study were academicians from four research universities in Malaysia. The study used a cluster random sampling technique. Ratios of academicians in each university were considered for distributing the questionnaires. A total of 135 completed questionnaires were obtained out of 400 distributed. The study utilized Common Methods Variences bias (of AMOS) for factor analysia. A step-wise regression analysis was performed to predict the influence of organizational culture on the psychological empowerment dimensions. Results and conclusion:Results od the study revealed organizational culture associated with psychological empowerment and its dimensions. The dominant culture in reaserch universities was hierarchy culture,while the strongest predictor of physchological empowerment was clan culture. Implications for human resiurce development in higher education particularly the research universities were put forth.
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