Bongso, T. A. and Hilmi, M. and Jainudeen, M. R. (1982) Chromosome studies related to fertility in crossbred buffaloes in Malaysia. In: Third Research Coordination Meeting of the Coordinated Research Programme on the 'Use of Nuclear Techniques to Improve Domestic Buffalo Production in Asia, 19-23 April 1982, Serdang, Selangor.
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Chromosome analysis was undertaken on Murrah, Swamp, F1 crossbred (Murrah x Swamp) and first generation backross (F1 female x Murrah male) buffaloes using the leukocyte culture method combined with Giemsa (G) and centromeric (C) and nucleolar organiser region (NOR) banding procedures. The F1 crossbred had a diploid chromosome complement(2n=49)intermediate to its two parents (Murrah,2n=50 ; Swamp, 2n=48). Two backross animals were 2n=49 and 2n=50 respectively. Construction of G,C NOR and conventional karyotypes revealed that the largest two metacentric chromosome in the Swamp buffalo resulted from a telomere-centromere tandem fusion between chromosomes 4p and 9 of the Murrah karyotype. The F1 crossbred and backross animals with 2n=49 showed a similar tandem fusion, occuring however between one member each of chromosome pairs 4p and 9. The two X chromosome (acrocentric) in female buffaloes had large masses of centromeric heterochromatin and one pair of dark bands in their arms proximal to the centromere, while in the Y chromosome of males, centromeric heterochromatin was not stained. The Y chromosome was not the smallest chromosome in the buffalo karyotype. The implications of the 2n=49 chromosome complement on fertility via inter se and backcross matings is hypothesised and discussed.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)|
|Subject:||Buffaloes - Breeding|
|Faculty or Institute:||Faculty of Veterinary Medicine|
|Deposited By:||Samsida Samsudin|
|Deposited On:||06 Oct 2011 08:49|
|Last Modified:||20 Nov 2013 01:04|
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