Chromosome studies related to fertility in crossbred buffaloes in Malaysia.
Bongso, T. A. and Hilmi, M. and Jainudeen, M. R. (1982) Chromosome studies related to fertility in crossbred buffaloes in Malaysia. In: Third Research Coordination Meeting of the Coordinated Research Programme on the 'Use of Nuclear Techniques to Improve Domestic Buffalo Production in Asia, 19-23 Apr. 1982, Serdang, Selangor.
Chromosome analysis was undertaken on Murrah, Swamp, F1 crossbred (Murrah x Swamp) and first generation backross (F1 female x Murrah male) buffaloes using the leukocyte culture method combined with Giemsa (G) and centromeric (C) and nucleolar organiser region (NOR) banding procedures. The F1 crossbred had a diploid chromosome complement(2n=49)intermediate to its two parents (Murrah,2n=50 ; Swamp, 2n=48). Two backross animals were 2n=49 and 2n=50 respectively. Construction of G,C NOR and conventional karyotypes revealed that the largest two metacentric chromosome in the Swamp buffalo resulted from a telomere-centromere tandem fusion between chromosomes 4p and 9 of the Murrah karyotype. The F1 crossbred and backross animals with 2n=49 showed a similar tandem fusion, occuring however between one member each of chromosome pairs 4p and 9. The two X chromosome (acrocentric) in female buffaloes had large masses of centromeric heterochromatin and one pair of dark bands in their arms proximal to the centromere, while in the Y chromosome of males, centromeric heterochromatin was not stained. The Y chromosome was not the smallest chromosome in the buffalo karyotype. The implications of the 2n=49 chromosome complement on fertility via inter se and backcross matings is hypothesised and discussed.
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