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Effect of Endophytic bacteria on growth and suppression of ganoderma infection in oil palm.

Sapak, Zaiton and Meon, Sariah and Mior Ahmad , Zainal Abidin (2008) Effect of Endophytic bacteria on growth and suppression of ganoderma infection in oil palm. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 10 (2). pp. 127-132. ISSN 1814–9596

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Basal stem rot (BSR) caused by Ganoderma boninense is an important disease of oil palm in Malaysia. Control of BSR is complex, because the disease occurs in the dynamic environment at the interface of the roots with soil. Endophytes as biocontrol agents offer possible advantages as they invade and proliferate in the plants to await the pathogens and they are insulated from any adverse conditions in the soil. Burkholderia cepacia (B3) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P3) isolated from symptomless oil palm root tissues have shown potential to inhibit the spread of G. boninense. They play a role in keeping the G. boninense population below threshold for BSR initiation by restricting its entry and movement in the palm. When tested on 4 month-old oil palm seedlings inoculated with G. boninense, the bacteria singly and in a mixture suppressed the spread of the pathogen with an epidemic rate of 0.10 - 0.24 units compared to 0.52 units in the control. At 8 months after inoculation, BSR incidence was reduced by 76% in seedlings pre-inoculated with P. aeruginosa (P3). B. cepacia (B3) reduced incidence by 42% and the mixture of P. aeruginosa and B. cepacia by 54%. Inoculation of endophytic bacteria also improved vegetative growth of oil palm seedlings.

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Endophytes; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Burkholderia cepacia; Ganoderma boninense; Oil palm.
Subject:Oil palm - Diseases and pests.
Subject:Endophytic fungi.
Subject:Ganoderma diseases of plants.
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Agriculture
Publisher:Friends Science Publishers
ID Code:17696
Deposited By: Norhazura Hamzah
Deposited On:08 Dec 2011 06:50
Last Modified:27 May 2013 07:56

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