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Tourism and community capacity building : a literature review.

Aref, Fariborz and Redzun, Ma'arof (2008) Tourism and community capacity building : a literature review. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 5 (8). pp. 806-812. ISSN 1683-8831

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Abstract

Tourism as an industry is increasing rapidly in developing countries. Tourism is simultaneously portrayed as a destroyer of culture, undermining social norms and economies, degrading social structures, stripping communities of individuality and as a savior of the poor and disadvantaged, providing opportunities and economic benefits, promoting social exchange and enhancing livelihoods. The purpose of this study is to explore the concept of community capacity building with respect to tourism development. I discuss how the processes of community capacities (individual, organizational and community) and community empowerment draw from and contribute to the physical, social and human capital essential to community based tourism. In this way, I review literature on community capacity building and discuss the related concepts of community capacities, community empowerment and community participation, with particular attention to how they may apply to community based tourism. The literature included in this review, draws from experience in a variety of disciplines, namely community psychology, personnel management, natural resource management, sociology and international development.

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Tourism; Community empowerment; Community capacity building; Community participation; Community development.
Subject:Tourism.
Subject:Community development.
Subject:Sustainable development.
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Human Ecology
ID Code:17442
Deposited By: Emelda Mohd Hamid
Deposited On:15 May 2012 09:44
Last Modified:15 May 2012 09:44

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