The pedagogical agent in online learning: the effect of the degree of realism on achievement in terms of gender.

Sahimi, Saidatul Maizura and M. Zain, Farah and Kamar, Nabila A. N. and Samar, Noorizdayantie and A. Rahman, Zuraidah and Majid, Omar and Atan, Hanafi and Fong, Soon Fook and Wong, Su Luan (2010) The pedagogical agent in online learning: the effect of the degree of realism on achievement in terms of gender. Contemporary Educational Technology, 1 (2). pp. 175-185. ISSN 1309-517X

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Abstract

This paper describes the impact of the degrees of realism (unrealistic, moderately realistic and highly realistic) of the pedagogical agent on student’s achievement during online learning in terms of gender. Three modes of the e-learning portal with appropriate degrees of realism, namely, Online Learning with a Cartoon Pedagogical Agent (OLCPA), Online Learning with a Moderately Realistic Pedagogical Agent (OLMRPA) and Online Learning with a Highly Realistic Pedagogical Agent (OLHRPA) were developed and implemented. A quasi-experimental 3x2 factorial design was employed; independent variables were three degrees of realism, the dependent variable was achievement scores, and the moderator variable was gender of students. The subjects were 130 Form Four students (16 years old) from Malaysian secondary schools who were randomly assigned to groups. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was employed to analyze data. The findings of the study suggest that there was no significant difference in the students’ achievement among the three degrees of realism in terms of their genders; both genders achieved almost the same across different degrees of realism. The reasons for the observed results are discussed and elaborated.

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Online learning; Pedagogical agent; Degree of realism; Gender issues.
Subject:Internet in education.
Subject:Interactive multimedia - Study and teaching (Higher).
Subject:Web-based instruction.
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Educational Studies
Publisher:Contemporary Educational Technology
ID Code:17257
Deposited By: Emelda Mohd Hamid
Deposited On:15 May 2012 01:52
Last Modified:15 May 2012 01:52

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