The effect of mating on the eggs' fertility and fecundity of Helopeltis antonii (Heteroptera: Miridae)
Siswanto, and Muhamad Awang, Rita and Omar, Dzolkhifli and Elna Karmawati, (2009) The effect of mating on the eggs' fertility and fecundity of Helopeltis antonii (Heteroptera: Miridae). Tropical Life Sciences Research, 20 (1). pp. 89-97. ISSN 1985-3718; ESSN: 2180-4249
Official URL: http://www.tlsr.usm.my/TLSRvol20no1.html
Helopeltis antonii is the major pest affecting cashew plants in Indonesia and causes potential damage to the plant. The development of the population was influenced by the fecundity and fertility of their eggs. The effect of mating on the eggs’ fecundity and the fertility of H. antonii was studied. Laboratory studies at Wonogiri Estate Service in Ngadirojo District, Wonogiri, Indonesia investigated the sexual maturity, the influence of female to male sex ratio on the females’ fecundity and longevity, and the influence of mating frequency to fecundity and the eggs hatchability of H. antonii. The study reveals that H. antonii females and males are ready to mate when they are two days old. The number of eggs laid and the longevity of the females’ lives were not significantly affected by the sex ratio; however, female to male sex ratios of 2:1 and 1:2 tended to produce a greater number of eggs. The fecundity of the female was not significantly influenced by the number of times the female mated. Unmated females laid fewer eggs than females paired with a mature male. The study shows that females need to mate to produce fertile eggs.
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