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Synthesis and characterization of grafted polystyrene with acrylonitrile using gamma-irradiation

Tan, Wee Tee and Radhi, Muhammed Mizher and Ab. Rahman, Mohamad Zaki and Kassim, Anuar (2010) Synthesis and characterization of grafted polystyrene with acrylonitrile using gamma-irradiation. Journal of Applied Sciences, 10 (2). pp. 139-144. ISSN 1812-5654

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Abstract

Polystyrene grafted with acrylonitrile using gamma-irradiation technique was successfully synthesized. This process was carried out at various gamma dose (0.2-1.5 Mrad). The new grafted polymer was characterized and its properties were investigated. The results indicate that best grafting percentage ratio could be revealed when the concentration of the catalyst Ferrous Ammonium Sulphate (FAS) is about 2% and the monomer concentration is 90%, at 1.25 Mrad dose. The new grafted polymer was proved by FTIR, TGA and Viscosity techniques, which was analyzed and studied with a suggested presented mechanism. The adding of acrylonitrile to polystyrene improved the physical properties of polystyrene

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Polystyrene; Acrylonitrile; FAS; Gamma-irradiation; Grafted Polymer.
Subject:Polystyrene - Properties.
Subject:Acrylonitrile
Subject:Irradiation.
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Science
Publisher:Asian Network for Scientific Information
DOI Number:10.3923/jas.2010.139.144
Altmetrics:http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3923/jas.2010.139.144
ID Code:16928
Deposited By: Najwani Amir Sariffudin
Deposited On:28 Nov 2012 17:10
Last Modified:02 May 2014 12:07

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