Extraction of tocopherol-enriched oils from Kalahari melon and roselle seeds by supercritical fluid extraction (SFE-CO2).
Kar, Lin Nyam and Tan, Chin Ping and Karim, Roselina and Lai, Oi Ming and Long, Kamariah and Che Man, Yaakob (2010) Extraction of tocopherol-enriched oils from Kalahari melon and roselle seeds by supercritical fluid extraction (SFE-CO2). Food Chemistry, 119 (3). pp. 1278-1283. ISSN 0308-8146
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.08.007
Tocopherol-enriched oil was extracted by supercritical fluid extraction of carbon dioxide (SFE-CO2) from Kalahari melon and roselle seeds. The SFE-CO2 process was optimised using response surface methodology(RSM) with central composite design (CCD). Three SFE-CO2 parameters namely extracting pressure,extracting temperature, and flow rate of carbon dioxide were examined. The optimal SFE-CO2 conditions were determined and the quadratic response surfaces were drawn from the mathematical models. The optimal SFE-CO2 conditions for the extraction tocopherol-enriched oil from Kalahari melon seeds were: extracting pressure 290 bar, extracting temperature 58C, and flow rate of carbon dioxide 20 ml/min. The optimum conditions for roselle seeds were extracting pressure 200 bar, extracting temperature 80C, and flow rate of carbon dioxide 20 ml/min. These optimum conditions yielded tocopherol concentration of 274.74 and 89.75 mg/100 g oil from Kalahari seed and roselle seed, respectively. No significant(P > 0.05) differences were obtained between the experimental and predicted values.
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