Cryopreservation of Brassia rex Orchid Shoots Using PVS2 Technique
Johari, N. and Chan, Lai Keng and Rathinam, Xavier and Sinniah, Uma Rani and Subramaniam, Sreeramanan (2009) Cryopreservation of Brassia rex Orchid Shoots Using PVS2 Technique. Research Journal of Botany, 4 (3). pp. 74-88. ISSN 1816-4919
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In vitro grown shoots of Brassia rex orchid hybrid was cryopreserved by means of plant vitrification solution 2 (PVS2) technique. For the preculture treatment, the shoots were excised into two standard sizes of 0.5-1.0 and 1.0-1.5 cm and were precultured on half-strength Murashige and Skoog (MS) semi solid medium supplemented with different concentrations of sucrose (control (0.06 M), 0.1, 0.25, 0.5 and 0.75 M) for 24 and 48 h. For the PVS2 dehydration treatment, the 0.1 M precultured (48 h and 1.0-1.5 cm) shoots were chosen for further experiment where the shoots were dehydrated in PVS2 solution at various durations (5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 min) at 0 and 24°C for positive and negative storage in Liquid Nitrogen (LN). The viability of the cryopreserved cells were determined by 2, 3, 5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) assay and chlorophyll extraction techniques. The best condition of PVS2 treatment was at 20 min of PVS2 treatment at 0°C prior to storage in liquid nitrogen. In chlorophyll determination based on chlorophyll assay, the highest concentration of total chlorophyll concentration (56.250 µg g-1) was obtained from shoots that were dehydrated for 25 min in PVS2 solution at 0°C without storage in liquid nitrogen.
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