Buchi, Iluyemi Florence (2003) Bioconversion of Palm Kernel Cake and its Evaluation as an Aquafeed Ingredient. PhD thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.
Palm kernel cake (PKC) is one of the by-products of the oil palm industry. Malaysia being the world's largest producer of oil palm produces over a million tones of PKC annually. Traditionally, PKC is used as an ingredient in ruminant feed and its use for non-ruminants is usually in low amounts due to problems of digestibility. In this study, an attempt was made to microbially enrich the PKC protein content using: Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma koningii, Trichoderma longibrachiatum, Aspergillus niger and Sclerotium rolfsii fungi. In the solid-state fermentation (SSF), effects of inoculum concentrations (1, 2 and 3%), moisture levels (41, 44 and 47%) and pH levels (3.5, 4.0, 4.5, and 5.0) were evaluated. Protein content of PKC increased significantly (P<0.05) coupled with a significant reduction in cellulose and hemicellulose contents by all the fungi used. The highest protein increase of 33% was obtained using T. longibrachiatum fermented PKC compared with 18% in unfermented PKC. The effect of moisture content was more critical compared to pH. Fermentation increased the analysed total amino acids (14 to 25%) and mostly the unsaturated ones (oleic and linoleic acids).
|Item Type:||Thesis (PhD)|
|Subject:||Oil palm - Aquatic plants as feed - Case studies|
|Chairman Supervisor:||Associate Professor Mohamed Hanafi Musa, PhD|
|Call Number:||FP 2003 31|
|Faculty or Institute:||Faculty of Agriculture|
|Deposited By:||Mohd Nezeri Mohamad|
|Deposited On:||11 May 2011 09:05|
|Last Modified:||11 May 2011 09:06|
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