Keyword Search:

Bookmark and Share

Interstitial pulmonary fibrosis in a Malaysian captive Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)

Yakubu, Yusuf and Ong, Bee Lee and Mohamed Mustapha, Noordin and Zakaria, Zunita and Jayaseelan, K. and Sharma, R. S. K. and Sugnaseelan, Sumita and M. Firdaus, and Kamarudin, Z. and Ngeow, Y. F. (2014) Interstitial pulmonary fibrosis in a Malaysian captive Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus). Jurnal Veterinar Malaysia, 26 (1&2). pp. 34-37. ISSN 9128-2506

[img] PDF


A 14-year-old female captive Asian elephant in a Malaysian z oo with a history of positive sero-reactivity to Elephant TB STAT-PAK assay was humanely euthanized due to chronic weight loss and poor response to treatment. Postmortem revealed generalized congestion and emphysematous lungs. Microscopically, there were severe pulmonary emphysema, eosinophilic hyaline membrane and infiltration of mature fibrocytes in the alveolar walls. Based on the histopathological findings interstitial pulmonary fibrosis was diagnosed. The possible cause of which although not completely known, is most likely due to hypersensitivity. The allergic reaction could have been caused by exposure to antigens of avian origin or the Mycobacterium gilvum, an non-tuberculous mycobacterium (NTM), isolated from the lung. This is the second case reported in elephants globally, thought it has been well studied in humans and reported in horses. Providing good husbandry for elephants in captivity is important to reduce the occurrence of such condition

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Hypersensitivity pneumonitis; NTM; Bird antigen; Asian elephant
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Agriculture
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Publisher:Veterinary Association Malaysia
ID Code:7743
Deposited By: Umikalthom Abdullah
Deposited On:19 Aug 2010 15:36
Last Modified:11 Sep 2015 16:45

Repository Staff Only: Edit item detail

Document Download Statistics

This item has been downloaded for since 19 Aug 2010 15:36.

View statistics for "Interstitial pulmonary fibrosis in a Malaysian captive Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)"