Short Communication Antibacterial Activity of Modified Sago Starch-Alginate Based Edible Film Incorporated with Lemongrass (Cymbopogon Citratus) Oil.
M., Maizura and A., Fazilah and M. H., Norziah and Karim, A. A. (2008) Short Communication Antibacterial Activity of Modified Sago Starch-Alginate Based Edible Film Incorporated with Lemongrass (Cymbopogon Citratus) Oil. International Food Research Journal, 15 (2). pp. 233-236. ISSN 1985-4668
Antibacterial effect of modified sago starch-alginate edible film incorporating lemongrass oil at various concentrations was studied. Edible films were prepared from a mixture of modified sago starch and alginate. Lemongrass oil (0.1 - 0.4%, v/w) and glycerol (0 and 20%, w/w) were incorporated in the films to act as natural antimicrobial agent and plasticizer, respectively. The films were characterized for antibacterial activity against food pathogenic bacteria such as Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Enteritidis and Staphylococcus aureus. The edible film exhibited antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Enteritidis by using agar diffusion assay method. For films tested against Escherichia coli O157:H7, the zone of inhibition increased significantly (p < 0.05) with addition of lemongrass oil at all levels both in the presence and absence of glycerol. The films also significantly (p < 0.05) inhibited the growth of Salmonella enteritidis only with 0.4% lemongrass oil (in the presence and absence of glycerol). However, the films containing lemongrass oil did not show any inhibition effect on Staphylococcus aureus.
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