Abu, Jalila and Wallace, Lizabeth J. and Redig, Patrick Thomas and Ogema, T. R. and Bechtold, Joan E. (2004) Radiographic evaluation of transverse ulna fractures treated with the intramedullary pin-external skeletal fixator (Im-Esf) tie-in technique in pigeons (Columba livia domestica). In: Animal health: a breakpoint in economic development? The 11th International Conference of the Association of Institutions for Tropical Veterinary Medicine and 16th Veterinary Association Malaysia Congress, 23-27 August 2004, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia., 23-27 August 2004, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.
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Thirty five pigeons with mid-shaft transverse ulna fracture treated with intramedullary pin-external skeletal fixator (IM-ESF tie-in) technique showed healed in 94% (33 ulnas) of the cases. Only 2 ulnas (6%) showed evidence of delayed healing. Most of the fracture sites healed with secondary bone healing (84%). Primary bone healing occurred in only 3 birds (8.6%). No evidence of implant failure was found in any ulna treated with this technique
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)|
|Keyword:||ulna, IM-ESF tie-in, pigeon (columba livia)|
|Faculty or Institute:||Faculty of Veterinary Medicine|
|Deposited By:||Azizan Arshad|
|Deposited On:||08 Jun 2010 06:57|
|Last Modified:||23 Aug 2010 03:51|
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