Fire Propagation and Strength Performance of Fire Retardant-Treated Hibiscus cannabinus Particleboard.

Kamal, Izran and Ashaari, Zaidon and Abdul Malek, Abdul Rashid and Abood Haris, Faizah and Saad, Mohd Jani and Mohd Zharif, Thirmizir and Masseat, Khairul and Sudin, Rahim (2009) Fire Propagation and Strength Performance of Fire Retardant-Treated Hibiscus cannabinus Particleboard. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, 2 (5). pp. 446-455. ISSN 1996-3343

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

The fire propagation and strength performance of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) core particle board treated with three different commercialized fire retardants were studied using ten percent concentration of fire retardants. The fire propagation test was evaluated using performance index (I), which indicates the heat release of the tested particle boards. Physical and mechanical properties such as water absorption, thickness swelling, Modulus of Rupture (MOR), Modulus of Elasticity (MOE) and Internal Bond (IB) of the treated and untreated boards were also studied. The study showed that diammonium phosphate (DAP) was excellent in reducing the heat release of the boards followed by monoammonium phosphate (MAP) and BP® [mixture of 27-33% boric acid, 67-73% guanylurea phosphate and 0.0-4.2% phosphoric acid]. DAP and MAP were able to delay the maximum early heat release of the boards by about 15 to 16 min and 18 to 20 min, respectively compared to BP® which was only able to delay the maximum early heat release by about 10 to 15 min after ignition. The heat release of the DAP and MAP-treated particle boards started 5 min after ignition, but the heat release of the BP®-treated boards started from the beginning of the test. Boards treated with DAP were found comply with the standard ratings for thickness swelling and water absorption test. MAP-treated boards were found comply with the standard rating for MOR and were found to be the best compared to the other treated boards for MOE and IB. However, treated boards complied with the standard ratings of MOE and IB.

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Kenaf, fire retardants, fire propagation, physical and mechanical
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Forestry
DOI Number:10.3923/ajaps.2009.446.455
Altmetrics:http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3923/ajaps.2009.446.455
ID Code:7040
Deposited By: Norhazura Hamzah
Deposited On:03 Jun 2010 04:44
Last Modified:03 Jul 2014 02:47

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Document Download Statistics

This item has been downloaded for since 03 Jun 2010 04:44.

View statistics for "Fire Propagation and Strength Performance of Fire Retardant-Treated Hibiscus cannabinus Particleboard."


Universiti Putra Malaysia Institutional Repository

Universiti Putra Malaysia Institutional Repository is an on-line digital archive that serves as a central collection and storage of scientific information and research at the Universiti Putra Malaysia.

Currently, the collections deposited in the IR consists of Master and PhD theses, Master and PhD Project Report, Journal Articles, Journal Bulletins, Conference Papers, UPM News, Newspaper Cuttings, Patents and Inaugural Lectures.

As the policy of the university does not permit users to view thesis in full text, access is only given to the first 24 pages only.