Simple Search:

Nutrient composition and in vitro ruminal degradability of selected local plants used as goat feed in Malaysia


Citation

Abdul Ghani, Ahmad Afifi and Shahudin, Muhammad Syafiq and Saad, Mohd Zamri and Abu Bakar @ Zakaria, Md Zuki and Haron, Abd Wahid and Kasim, Azhar and Salisi, Mohd Shahrom and Abu Hassim, Hasliza (2015) Nutrient composition and in vitro ruminal degradability of selected local plants used as goat feed in Malaysia. In: 5th International Conference on Sustainable Animal Agriculture for Developing Countries (SAADC 2015), 27-30 Oct. 2015, Dusit Thani Pattaya Hotel, Thailand. (pp. 236-239).

Abstract / Synopsis

A comparative study of nutrient composition and in vitro ruminal degradability of selected local plants (Macaranga sp. and Mallotus sp.) and Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) used as goat feed were carried out. Napier grass was used as a control group as it is common and widely been used (e. gfibre source) in goats diet. All plants were analyzed for nutrient composition by proximate analysis (dry matter; crude protein; crude fibre; crude fat) and in vitro ruminal degradability was performed to determine the total gas andvolatile fatty acids (acetate; propionate; butyrate) production. The result obtained from proximate analysis revealed that there were significant difference (P<0.05) of all nutrient composition for each local plant species against Napier grass. Dry matter content was highest in Macaranga sp. (50.92%) followed by Mallotus sp. (45.41%) and Napier grass (13.04%). Crude protein was highest in Macaranga sp. (7.18%) followed by Mallotussp. (6.78%) and Napier grass (3.88%). Mallotussp.has the highest crude fat content (5.22%) followed by Macaranga sp. (4.85%) and Napier grass (2.84%). As for crude fibre content, Napier grass showed the highest content (25.38%) followed by Mallotus sp. (15.47%) and Macaranga sp. (12.00%). For the in vitro ruminal degradability, the highest total gas production was shown by Napier grass (31.00ml), followed by Macaranga sp. (28.67ml) and Mallotus sp. (23.33ml). Acetate production was highest in Mallotus sp. (733.49mM/ml) followed by Napier grass (605.61mM/ml) and Macaranga sp. (599.85mm/ml) whereas propionate production was highest in Mallotus sp. (28.61mM/ml) followed by Napier grass (24.45mM/ml) and Macaranga sp. (24.23mM/ml).As for butyrate production, Napier grass showed the highest value (11.26mM/ml), followed by Macaranga sp. (11.19mm/ml) and Mallotus sp. (10.36mM/ml). However, there was no significant difference shown for acetate, propionate and butyrate production between all samples. Thus, based on the nutrient composition and in vitro ruminal degradability findings, it shows that these local plants could be used as a good feed source for goats. In addition, a proper feeding regime using these local plants need to be considered in order to ensure a balance diet for the goats.


Download File

[img] PDF
40-1.pdf
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (142kB)

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Keywords: Macaranga sp.; Mallotus sp.; Napier grass; Proximate analysis; Ruminal degradability
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2018 16:13
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2018 16:13
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/59064
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item