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The nutrient composition and in vitro ruminal degradability of selected local plants used as goat feed in Malaysia

Abdul Ghani, Ahmad Afifi and Shahudin, Muhammad Syafiq and Rashid, Muhammad Azrolharith and A. R., Haizan and Saad, Mohd Zamri and Abu Bakar @ Zakaria, Md Zuki and Haron, Abd Wahid and Kasim, Azhar and Salisi, Mohd Shahrom and Goh, Yong Meng and Yusoff, Rosnina and Abu Hassim, Hasliza (2017) The nutrient composition and in vitro ruminal degradability of selected local plants used as goat feed in Malaysia. Jurnal Veterinar Malaysia, 29 (1). pp. 23-25. ISSN 9128-2506

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Abstract

A comparative study of nutrient composition and in vitro ruminal degradability of selected local plants, Macaranga sp. and Mallotus sp. was carried out and Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) was used as control. The results obtained from proximate analysis revealed that there were significant difference (P<0.05) of all nutrient composition for each local plant species against Napier grass. Dry matter content in Macaranga sp., Mallotus sp. and Napier grass were 50.92%, 45.41% and 13.04%, respectively. The crude protein content in Macaranga sp., Mallotus sp. and Napier grass were 7.18%, 6.78% and 3.88%, respectively. Mallotus sp. has the highest crude fat content (5.22%) followed by Macaranga sp. (4.85%) and Napier grass (2.84%). Crude fibre content in Napier grass, Mallotus sp. and Macaranga sp. were 25.38%, 15.47% and 12.00%, respectively. For the in vitro ruminal degradability, total gas produced by Napier grass, Macaranga sp. and Mallotus sp. were 31.00 ml, 28.67 ml and 23.33 ml, respectively. Acetic acid production in Mallotus sp., Napier grass and Macaranga sp. were 733.49 mM/ml, 605.61 mM/ml and 599.85 mM/ml, respectively. Propionic acid production was highest in Mallotus sp. (28.61 mM/ml) followed by Napier grass (24.45 mM/ml) and Macaranga sp. (24.23 mM/ml). As for butyric acid production, Napier grass showed the highest value (11.26 mM/ml), followed by Macaranga sp. (11.19 mM/ml) and Mallotus sp. (10.36 mM/ml). However, there was no significant difference shown in acetic, propionic and butyricacids production. Thus, based on the nutrient composition and in vitro ruminal degradability results, it shows that these local plants could be used as an alternative feed source for goats.

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Macaranga sp.; Mallotus sp.; Napier grass; Proximate analysis; Ruminal degradability
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Agriculture
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Publisher:Veterinary Association Malaysia
ID Code:56843
Deposited By: Nabilah Mustapa
Deposited On:05 Sep 2017 17:57
Last Modified:05 Sep 2017 17:57

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