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Design and implementation of real data fast fourier transform processor on field programmable gates array

Ahmed, Mohammed Kassim (2015) Design and implementation of real data fast fourier transform processor on field programmable gates array. Masters thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

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Abstract

The Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) is an efficient method to achieve the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) with less number of operations. FFT utilizes the symmetry property in the DFT to calculate the output. For input length of N=2m, FFT requires only Nlog2N multiplications instead of the N2 multiplications needed for the DFT. Although FFT is mostly used to transform complex values into frequency domain, but still there are cases where the FFT inputs are only real values. In such cases, the transform will unnecessarily use higher power and area to calculate the output. In order to calculate the DFT efficiently, various FFT algorithms and architectures have been presented. So far, different approaches of achieving FFT for real-valued inputs has been discussed and implemented. However, to the best of author's knowledge, no work has been found so far making direct experimental comparison between these approaches. Therefore, and for accurate comparison, this study aims to investigate the most common algorithms of RFFT on the same device and resources used. In this work, the memorybased FFT processor, based on radix-4 FFT algorithm is implemented on Cyclone II Field Programmable Gates Array (FPGA). In order to program the FPGA, Verilog Hardware Description Language (Verilog HDL) is used. The radix-4 FFT algorithm will be implemented for 64 and 256 points using both 8-bit and 16-bit input width. The results are compared and analyzed in terms of output accuracy and power consumption. Two main RFFT approaches are discussed in this work. The Butterfly approach is mainly based on cancelling the unnecessary operations while maintaining the same FFT size.The Formula approach, on the other hand, uses a half size complex FFT to perform the full size RFFT. The results show that for 64-points, the Butterfly approach requires 82.95% of the power required by the complex FFT. Similarly, the Formula approach required 83.63% to perform the FFT which is nearly equal to the power required by the butterfly approach. For 256-points, in contrast, the results show that the Formula approach requires only 72.1% of the power required by the complex FFT. This is notab fewer than the 76.62% required by the Butterfly approach. Additionally, the results show that the 8-bit input data width saves a lot of power with a slightly higher error rate compared to the 16-bit width. Therefore, unless high output accuracy is essential, the 8-bit can be efficiently adopted for FFT input.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subject:Fourier transformations
Subject:Field programmable gate arrays
Chairman Supervisor:Nasri Bin Sulaiman, PhD
Call Number:FK 2015 39
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Engineering
ID Code:56225
Deposited By: Haridan Mohd Jais
Deposited On:30 Jun 2017 11:02
Last Modified:30 Jun 2017 11:02

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