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Preparation of carbon nanotubes via chemical technique (modified Staudenmaier method)


Citation

Ali, Buthainah and Awang Biak, Dayang Radiah and Salit, Mohd. Sapuan and Abd. Wahab, Zaidan and W., Alnuami and Mohd.Yusoff, Hamdan and Tasirin, Siti Masrinda (2017) Preparation of carbon nanotubes via chemical technique (modified Staudenmaier method). Nanoscience & Nanotechnology Asia, 7 (1). pp. 113-122. ISSN 2210-6812; ESSN: 2210-6820

Abstract / Synopsis

The chemical method is one of the most promising routes for the production of multi-walled carbon nanotubes. In this study, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were successfully synthesized by the modified Staudenmaier method. MWCNTs were synthesized using graphite powder at room temperature. This process does not utilize any metal catalyst. The prepared multi-walled carbon nanotubes were characterized for their crystalline, structural and thermal stability properties. The structural, crystalline and morphological characterization of The produced MWCNTs were performed by using scanning electron microscopy(SEM), transmission electron microscopy(TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis(TGA), Raman analysis, and atomic force microscopy( AFM). Crystallinity and graphitization degree was observed for the produced MWCNTs have a diameter of 13.1 nm. The yield is approximately 10% of the carbon source (graphite). Moreover, the obtained MWCNTs have high thermal stability and oxidation resistance lower than 401.80 °C. The present approach provides a simple low cost and easy method of MWCNTs synthesis.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Faculty of Science
DOI Number: 10.2174/2210681206666160711161421
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
Keywords: Multi-walled carbon nanotubes; Modified staudenmaier; Graphite; Diameter; Yield; CNTs
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2017 16:53
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2017 16:53
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.2174/2210681206666160711161421
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/53655
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