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The effectiveness of education intervention program for improving knowledge, attitude and practice related to hepatitis-B infection among non-medical and non-veterinary undergraduate university student in northern Nigeria, a randomized control community trial


Citation

Anka, Yakubu Hussaini and Rampal, Lekhraj and Ibrahim, Normala and Mohd Sidik, Sherina and Iliyasu, Zubairu (2016) The effectiveness of education intervention program for improving knowledge, attitude and practice related to hepatitis-B infection among non-medical and non-veterinary undergraduate university student in northern Nigeria, a randomized control community trial. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences, 15 (2). pp. 114-123. ISSN 2279-0861; ESSN: 2279-0853

Abstract / Synopsis

Background: The endemicity of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is leveling off in sub-Saharan Africa; it remains at an unacceptable high level (≥8%, to <2%) with global prevalence of 3·61%. The present study assessed the effectiveness of a peer-led HBV prevention education intervention in Usman Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigerian on youth’s HBV-related knowledge,attitude,and practices. Methods: In a peer-led single blind randomized controlled community trial conducted between April and December 2015. 390students were selected and randomized into the intervention and control arms, each arm with 195 respondents; five out of 12 faculties were selected using multi-staged random sampling. Four surveys were conducted(baseline, immediately, three and six months using self-administered questionnaire.Analysis of data were conducted using SPSS version 22. Results: The overall response rate during the four survey were 100%, 99.4%, 98.9% and 98.4%for intervention group and 100%, 100%, 99.4%,and 98.9% for the control arm respectively. Hepatitis B- related knowledge, attitude,and practices of the respondents were statistically significant between the intervention and the control arms at immediately, three and six month’s follow-up assessment with no statistical significant difference at baseline assessment (knowledge 14.3%, 66.95%, & 62.7%, HBV-related attitude 23.56%,40.68%, & 46.12% and HBV-related preventive practices 26.14%, 6.53%,& 11.9%). Conclusions: The present study has shown an evident for its effectiveness on HBV-related knowledge, attitude and preventive practice among the undergraduate non-medical and non-veterinary university students of Usman Danfodiyo University Sokoto Nigeria.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
DOI Number: 10.4172/1948-5964.C1.033
Publisher: International Organization of Scientific Research
Keywords: Youth; Peer-led; Knowledge; Attitude; Practice
Depositing User: Nida Hidayati Ghazali
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2017 10:14
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2017 10:14
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.4172/1948-5964.C1.033
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/52989
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