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Comparison study on oil palm fresh fruit bunch (FFB) maturity stages determination based on color recognition model and position of FFB in leaf spiral

Albakri, Z. M. and Mohd Kassim, Muhamad Saufi and Muhamad Tobib, H. (2016) Comparison study on oil palm fresh fruit bunch (FFB) maturity stages determination based on color recognition model and position of FFB in leaf spiral. In: 3rd International Conference on Agricultural and Food Engineering (CAFEi 2016), 23-25 Aug. 2016, Seri Pacific Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 238-243.

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Abstract

Optimum quality of oil production can be obtained by managing the harvesting operation of oil palm fresh fruit bunches (FFB) at the right stage of ripeness. High content of free fatty acid (over-ripe bunches) will increase the refinery cost. Therefore it is crucial to determine the harvesting date of FFB. This study explores the possibility of determine the maturity stage based on the location of FFB in the leaf spiral. Since matured oil palm produced two leaves per month, each leaf axil potentially produced inflorescences. Pollination of FFB will take place at leaf number 17 up to 20 and mature bunch will be at leaf number 30 to 33. Based on this information, a relationship of FFB position will be at spiral and maturity stages can be established. This paper presents the comparison analysis of color recognition model and position in leaf spiral in determining the maturity stages of FFB.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Keyword:Maturity stages; Site specific harvesting; Leaves spiral; Harvesting model
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Engineering
Publisher:Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia
ID Code:50121
Deposited By: Nabilah Mustapa
Deposited On:01 Feb 2017 13:06
Last Modified:01 Feb 2017 13:06

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