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Rational design of ARM lipase stabilization

Abd Rahim, Arilla Sri Masayu (2012) Rational design of ARM lipase stabilization. Masters thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

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Abstract

Currently, thermostable lipases are gaining wide industrial and biotechnological interest. The principles of protein folding become growing interest to explore how proteins adapt at high temperatures. However, understanding the mechanism of protein folding is crucial and challenging. To realize the goal, recombinant lipase from newly isolated Geobacillus sp. strain ARM has been subjected to protein engineering to enhance thermostability. ARM lipase has comparatively low thermostability compared to other homologous thermostable lipases. A structural model of the target protein (ARM lipase) was built using DS Modeling from three-dimensional structure of a known structure (T1 lipase) with which it had a high sequence homology (91 %). Consensus approach was used as a strategy to identify the critical point residue in order to increase the thermodynamic stability of ARM lipase. The substitution of Arg157 to Ser was don using computer software YASARA and the new 3D structure was designated as mutant lipase (R157S lipase). In order to study the thermodynamic stability of ARM and R157S lipases, both lipases were analyzed by molecular dynamics simulations at three different temperatures (50, 60, and 70 °C). The results showed that mutant lipase had reached its folded state at 60 °C, higher than ARM lipase (50 °C). R157S lipase had lower Root Mean Square Deviation (RMSD), Root Mean Square Fluctuation (RMSF), Accessible Surface Area (ASA) and radius of gyration than ARM lipase. It showed that R157S lipase had higher compactness in the structure leading to enhance stability. To validate the computational results, site-directed mutagenesis was used to substitute Arg157 to Ser and the mutation was confirmed by sequencing. The purified ARM and R157S lipases were confirmed to be homogenous as shown by a prominent single band on SDS-PAGE and NATIVE-PAGE. The mutant lipase (R157S lipase) increased the activity and thermal stability from 50 to 60 °C. R157S lipase has a half- life of 24 hours at 60 °C, compared to 13 hours at 50 °C for ARM lipase. The mutant lipase showed increased stability in polar organic solvents especially in DMSO, 2,3-butanediol, methanol,acetonitrile and ethanol. However, the mutation did not affect pH optimum, pH stability,substrate specificities, inhibitors, surfactants and the effect of metal ions. Fluorescence analysis showed that the aromatic Trp residues exposed to solvent were decreased in R157S lipase due to high protein packing and compactness. Thus, the rational design of Arg157 substitution to Ser as inspired from consensus approach increased the protein folding of mutant lipase. This is shown in molecular dynamics simulations and also, subsequently increased of lipase activity, more thermostability, stable in various polar organic solvents and surfactants.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subject:Lipase
Chairman Supervisor:Professor Dato’ Abu Bakar Salleh, PhD
Call Number:FBSB 2012 58
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
ID Code:48335
Deposited By: Haridan Mohd Jais
Deposited On:20 Jan 2017 12:05
Last Modified:20 Jan 2017 12:05

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