Annual dynamics of the plasma sex steroid hormones of the Malaysian walking catfish Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus 1758)
Alkali, Argungu Lawali and Christianus, Annie and Nurul Amin, Sanker Mohammad and Daud, Siti Khalijah and Siraj, Siti Shapor (2015) Annual dynamics of the plasma sex steroid hormones of the Malaysian walking catfish Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus 1758). Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 10 (1). pp. 24-34. ISSN 1816-4927; ESSN: 1996-0751
Malaysia is one of the countries in Asia with higher scarcity of Clarias batrachus. Consequently, to arrive at better ways of handling the situation the reproductive endocrinology of the species was investigated. Testosterone (T), 11-ketotestosterone (11KT) and 17β-estradiol (E2) were the plasma sex steroid hormones monitored monthly throughout the reproductive cycles. Several peak levels were observed in the annual profiles of all the steroid hormones, implying that C. batrachus is a non-seasonal breeder, signifying that the species could spawn several times during the reproductive cycle. Most of the scholars who earlier worked on the breeding of this fish concentrated on a particular period (May to August) assuming that was the only season successful induced breeding of the species could be achieved. The present study has enhanced the understanding of the reproduction of C. batrachus. It has provided a platform for the optimization of reproduction and breeding program of the species.
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