Effect of Mn-site for Al substitution on structural, electrical and magnetic properties in La0.67Sr0.33Mn1-xAlxO3 thin films by sol-gel method
Abdullah, Huda and Zulfakar, Mohd Syafiq and Chen, Soo Kien (2014) Effect of Mn-site for Al substitution on structural, electrical and magnetic properties in La0.67Sr0.33Mn1-xAlxO3 thin films by sol-gel method. Journal of Nanomaterials, 2014 . art. no. 703072. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1687-4110; ESSN: 1687-4129
Official URL: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jnm/2014/703072/
Nanocrystalline La0.67Sr0.33Mn1-xAlxO3 (x=0.00 , 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20, and 0.25) thin films have been prepared on quartz substrates by sol-gel method. The structural and morphology studies were investigated via X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). XRD graph patterns show rhombohedral distorted perovskite structures. FESEM images show that the average grain size decreased as the concentration of x increased. Electrical property was investigated using four-point probe technique. Resistivity results show that metal-insulator transition (MIT) temperatures (Tp) decreased when the concentration of x increased. Tp shifted to lower temperature when the concentration of x increased. The data was analyzed based on theoretical models, where the ferromagnetic resistivity is followed with the equation p = p0 + p2T2, where p0 is due to the significance of grain boundary effects and a second-term ~p2T2 appears that might be applied to the electrons scattering. In the high temperature regime (T > Tp), the resistivity data can be well described by small polaron hopping (SPH) and variable range hopping (VRH) mechanisms. Magnetic property was investigated using a vibration sample magnetometer. All samples that were obtained showed hysteresis curve with the highest value of magnetization for sample x = 0.10.
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