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Physical and thermal properties of microwave-dried wood lumber impregnated with phenol formaldehyde resin.

Abdul Khalil, H. P. S and Amouzgar, P. and Jawaid, Mohammad and Abdullah, Che Ku and Issam, A. M and Zainudin, E. S. and Md. Tahir , Paridah and Hassan, Azman (2013) Physical and thermal properties of microwave-dried wood lumber impregnated with phenol formaldehyde resin. Journal of Composite Materials, 47 (28). pp. 3565-3571. ISSN 0021-9983; ESSN: 1530-793X

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Abstract

In this study, microwave-dried oil palm trunk core lumber was impregnated with phenol formaldehyde resin using high pressure vacuum chamber. The impregnation of oil palm trunk core lumber was performed under 3 bar pressure and cured in an oven at 150°C for 2 h. The impregnation of oil palm trunk core lumber was carried out at different time intervals (15, 30, 60, 90, 120 min) to obtain different density lumber and compared with microwave-dried oil palm trunk core lumber and rubberwood. The physical and thermal properties of microwave-dried oil palm trunk core lumber, impregnated oil palm trunk core lumber and rubberwood were studied. In general, the impregnated oil palm trunk core lumber obtained better physical properties than microwave dried oil palm trunk core lumber but slightly lower than rubberwood. The thermal stability of oil palm trunk core lumber was analyzed by using thermogravimetric analysis and it shows that rubberwood exhibited better thermal stability than impregnated oil palm trunk core lumber.

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Different densities; High pressure; Oil palm trunks; Phenol formaldehyde resins; Rubberwood; Time interval; Vacuum chambers.
Faculty or Institute:Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
Publisher:SAGE Publications
DOI Number:10.1177/0021998312467386
Altmetrics:http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1177/0021998312467386
ID Code:30780
Deposited By: Norhazura Hamzah
Deposited On:18 Jul 2014 14:34
Last Modified:17 Sep 2015 15:37

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