Postharvest responses of six cut Mokara spp. hybrids to exogenous ethylene
Almasi, Parviz and Tengku Muda Mohamed, Mahmud and Ahmad, Siti Hajar and Kadir, Jugah and Hassan, Fakhrul (2013) Postharvest responses of six cut Mokara spp. hybrids to exogenous ethylene. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 7 (7). pp. 894-899. ISSN 1835-2693; ESSN: 1835-2707
Official URL: http://www.cropj.com/june2013.html
Ethylene-sensitive cut flowers despite having good shape and colour, display short vase life and usually after shipment, their ethylene injury would be very high, which is a negative point for exportation. The objectives of the study were first, evaluation of level of ethylene sensitivity and second, categorizing of six cut Mokara hybrids based on ethylene sensitivity: Mokara ‘Chak Kuan Blue’, M. ‘Chao Praya Classic’, M. ‘Calypso Jumbo’, M. ‘Boy Blue’, M. ‘Red’ and M. ‘Chitty Gold’. The inflorescences were treated with 10 µL/L ethylene gas for 24 hours before placing them in bottles containing standard solution [distilled water + 250 mg/L 8- hydroxyquinoline citrate (8-HQC) + 150 mg/L citric acid + 4% sucrose, pH=3.5]. Water loss, vase life, anthocyanin contents and ethylene production were determined after treatments. Expressions of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase (ACS) and oxidase genes (ACO), before and after exposure to ethylene in the lips of third florets were also determined using semi-quantitative RT-PCR method. Ethylene caused tremendous reduction of vase life with an average of 59%, indicating ethylene sensitivity in studied Mokara cut hybrids. This was displayed by florets and buds wilted and dropped in all tested hybrids. Weight loss and anthocyanin degradation increased when the flowers were exposed to ethylene 11.5 and 16%, respectively. Both genes were expressed in fully open florets, but after exposure to ethylene, the levels of expressions were higher in all hybrids. However, different hybrids showed distinct variances in ethylene sensitivities and degrees of deterioration. M. ‘Calypso Jumbo’ and M. ‘Red’ exhibited the utmost anthocyanin degradation in sepals and petals and declined in the length of vase life. Thus, these two hybrids were categorized as the very sensitive group. M. ‘Chak Kuan Blue’, M. ‘Chao Praya Classic’, M. ‘Boy Blue’ and M. ‘Chitty Gold’ categorized as less sensitive group.
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