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Prevalence of needle stick injuries and compliance to infection control guidelines among health care workers in a teaching hospital, Malaysia

Abd. Hamid, Mohd. Zaini and Aziz, Noor Azah and Lim, W. B. and Salleh, S. L. M. and Rahman, S. N. S. and Abdul Rahman, Anita and Othman, Norlijah (2011) Prevalence of needle stick injuries and compliance to infection control guidelines among health care workers in a teaching hospital, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences, 7 (1). pp. 3-7. ISSN 1675-8544

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Official URL: http://www.medic.upm.edu.my/dokumen/FKUSK1_MJMHS_2...

Abstract

Introduction: Health care workers (HCW) are constantly exposed to blood-borne illnesses through needle stick injuries (NSI). Despite the increasing trend of NSI, evidence regarding the actual practice of universal precautions among these HCWs is lacking. This study assessed the practice of universal precautions towards prevention of NSI among HCWs in a teaching hospital setting. Methods: This cross-sectional survey involved a newly-designed self-completed questionnaire assessing demographic data, exposure to NSI and practice of universal precautions. Questionnaires were distributed to every ward and completed questionnaires were collected after a period of 7 days. Results: A total of 215 HCWs responded to the survey. 35.8% were exposed to bodily fluid, with 22.3% had NSI in the last 12 months. Blood taking was the commonest procedure associated with NSI. Of practices of universal precautions, recapping needle and removing needle from syringe were still wrongly practiced by the HCWs assessed. Conclusion: NSI among HCW are still common despite the introduction of universal precautions in our hospital. Incorrect practices in handling sharps should be looked into in order to reduce the incidence of blood-borne illnesses through NSI in the hospital.

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Needle stick injury; Health care workers; Infection control guideline
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Publisher:Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia
ID Code:24560
Deposited By: Nur Farahin Ramli
Deposited On:18 Mar 2014 11:39
Last Modified:08 Sep 2015 08:28

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