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The influence of psycho-social factors on participation levels in community-based breast cancer prevention programs in Tehran, Iran

Ahmadian, Maryam and Abu Samah, Asnarulkhadi and Redzuan, Ma'rof and Emby, Zahid (2012) The influence of psycho-social factors on participation levels in community-based breast cancer prevention programs in Tehran, Iran. Global Journal of Health Science, 4 (1). pp. 42-56. ISSN 1916-9736; ESSN: 1916-9744

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Abstract

Background: Although significant consideration has been devoted to women participation in breast cancer prevention programs, our understanding about the psychosocial factors which influence participation remains incomplete. Method: The study applied a quantitative approach based on the cross-sectional survey design and multistage cluster random sampling. A total of 400 women aged 35-69 years, were surveyed at 4 obstetric and gynecologic clinics affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences in Tehran: the participation levels of 86 women who have had a mammogram were analyzed based on their self-efficacy, belief, social influence, and barriers concerning mammography utilization. Results: Consistent with the study framework, in bivariate analysis, the higher level of women’s participation in breast cancer prevention programs was significantly related to more positive belief about mammography (p< .05), greater social influence on mammography (p< .01) and fewer barriers to mammography (p< .01). Self efficacy (p= .114) was not significantly related to the higher level of participation. Conclusion: Results suggest that women’s participation levels in breast cancer prevention programs might be associated with the specific psychosocial factors on breast cancer preventive behavior such as mammography screening.

Item Type:Article
Keyword:Psycho-social factors; Community participation; Participation levels; Community–based programs
Faculty or Institute:Faculty of Human Ecology
Publisher:Canadian Center of Science and Education
DOI Number:10.5539/gjhs.v4n1p42
Altmetrics:http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.5539/gjhs.v4n1p42
ID Code:22718
Deposited By: Nabilah Mustapa
Deposited On:19 May 2015 18:55
Last Modified:23 Sep 2015 15:34

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